“Scotland’s Carbon Footprint” covers our countries greenhouse gas emissions on a consumption basis. This means greenhouse gas emissions which are associated with the spending of Scottish residents on goods and services (wherever in the world these emissions arise), together with emissions directly generated by Scottish households, through electricity use, heating and transport. These greenhouse gas emissions are often referred to as “consumption emissions” to distinguish them from estimates relating to the emissions “produced” within a country’s territory or economic sphere.
Scotland’s carbon footprint rose steadily from 1999 to a peak of 100.9 MtCO2e in 2007. The countries carbon footprint has generally fallen gradually in more recent years. The overall reduction between 2007 and 2016 is 26.9%.